Being the Jogo do Pau instructor with the closest international ties to the HEMA community, I have learned a lot from this interaction, while also getting a better grasp of how much Jogo do Pau can be of use to HEMA interpreters ... which I would suggest includes everyone.

Being a living tradition, Jogo do Pau offers, not only a very practical understanding of the many different (combat specific) contexts that brought about each skill set, but does so while also explaining the relationship between outnumbered & single combat.

That being the case, and from my many interactions with the HEMA community, I truly believe that the history behind JdP’S technical development (in the form of how different contexts brought about the need to develop equally different parrying skill sets) can be quite interesting for HEMA practitioners to look at.

However, doing so requires avoiding the temptation to judge a book by its colour ... only in this case, judging an art by its weapon. Yes, JdP is mostly practiced by means of staffs & batons nowadays. However, it is our firm belief & understanding that its main technical & tactical foundations closely relate to what is now called Historical Fencing.

Those interested in learning more about Jogo do Pau as a whole can do so through my second edition of the book: Jogo do Pau: The ancient art & modern science of Portuguese stick fighting

For more specific knowledge of both outnumbered combat & how it relates to the technical development of single combat, please look into: Combat in outnumbered scenarios: The origin of Historical Fencing

Both books are available through Amazon as both paperbacks & Kindles, though the outnumbered combat book Kindle version had to be split into 4 parts due to its terribly high number of photos (+/- 300).

Nevertheless, those still interested in acquiring the Outnumbered combat paperback version, can do so through the following link and, until the end of the present month, benefit from the following 20% discount.

Discount code: 46TY9K3E

Kind regards,
Luís Preto


Luis Preto
Masters in Sport Sciences & Jogo do Pau Instructor.
Founder of Preto Martial Arts (

Jogo do Pau
Parrying skill
Understanding footwork
Teaching sequence of technique & tactics
Outnumbered combat
Teaching of technique & tactics
Physical conditioning: A movement based approach

From battlefields to duelling: The evolution of JdP
Combat tactics: Decision making in weapon based martial arts